Glossary Results - U
This is a Legal Dictionary for visitor reference. Please click on the letter below to search by alphabet or use the search form to find the term you are looking for.
ultra vires - Conduct by a corporation or its officers that exceeds the powers given them by law or the corporation by
unclean hands - Legal doctrine that stops a plaintiff who has acted unethically in a lawsuit from benefiting from the outcome of that particular lawsuit.
uncontested divorce - Divorce automatically granted by a court when the spouse who is served with a summons and complaint for divorce does not file a formal response with the court.
under capitalization - Occurs when a corporation does not have enough money to continue its business.
underwriter - Insurer who assumes the risk of another's loss and compensates for the loss under the terms of an insurance policy.
unfair competition - Term that describes commercial activity that tends to confuse or deceive the public about the sale of products or services.
Unfair Labor Practice - Actions by the employer which interfere with, restrain, coerce, or threaten employees with respect to their rights.
Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.) - A uniform law governing commercial transactions. The U.C.C. has been adopted by all states except Louisiana.
Uniform Laws - Annotated uniform and model acts approved by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.
Unilateral Contract - An agreement by which one undertakes an express performance without receiving any express promise of performance from the other.
uninsured motorist coverage - Automobile insurance that compensates an insured person for the losses inflicted by an uninsured motorist.
Union - An organization of workers formed for the purpose of collective bargaining.
United States Attorney - Lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government.
United States Bankruptcy Court - The judicial body which hears matters pertaining to bankruptcy and reorganization.
United States Court of Appeals - Courts which hear appeals from federal district courts, bankruptcy courts, and tax courts.
United States Court of Claims - Court which hears actions against the U.S. Government.
United States Court of Customs & Patent Appeals - Court which hears appeals from all U.S. customs courts.
United States Court of International Trade - Court which hears cases concerning federal tariff laws.
United States Court of Military Appeals - Court which hears appeals from court marshal decisions.
United States District Courts - Courts which try both criminal and civil actions and admiralty cases.
United States Magistrate judge - Courts given authority by 28 U.S.C. s636. This court hears all preliminary criminal matters, but does not conduct felony trials, and any pretrial civil matters referred by the district court. If all parties consent, criminal misdemeanor and civil trials can be heard by this court.
United States Marshal's Service - Agency which serves civil and criminal process in federal courts.
United States Postal Service (USPS) - The federal office which provides mail delivery to individuals and businesses within the United States.
United States Reports - Publication of court decision of the United States Supreme Court.
United States Supreme Court - The highest court in the land, established by U.S. Constitution.
unjust enrichment - Legal doctrine in which the court will not allow one party to benefit at the loss of another even if the benefit was obtained legally.
Unlawful Detainer - A detention of real estate without the consent of the owner or other person entitled to its possession.
Unliquidated Debt - Remaining not determined; un-assessed or unsettled; in dispute as to the proper amount.
unsecured debt - A debt where the creditor has no right to the debtor's property to satisfy the debt upon default.
Usury - Extraction of interest on a loan above the maximum rate permitted by statute.