Glossary Results - P
This is a Legal Dictionary for visitor reference. Please click on the letter below to search by alphabet or use the search form to find the term you are looking for.
pain and suffering - Physical or emotional distress resulting from an injury for which a plaintiff can seek monetary compensation.
par value - Face value of a stock when issued by a corporation.
paralegal - Person who performs legal work and helps in the production of legal documents but is not licensed to practice law or give legal advice.
Pardon - An act of grace from governing power which mitigates punishment and restores rights and privileges forfeited on account of the offense.
Parole evidence - Oral or verbal evidence; evidence given by word of mouth in court.
Parole - Supervised release of a prisoner from imprisonment on certain prescribed conditions which entitle him to termination of his sentence.
partnership - Business entity owned by two or more people who are personally liable for all business debts.
party - One of the litigants usually referred to as the plaintiff or defendant.
patent - Right to hold a legal monopoly on the manufacture or sale of a invention, granted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO).
Patent and Trademark Office - The federal agency which examines and issues patents and registers trademarks.
paternity suit - An action brought to determine the identity of the father of a child born out of wedlock, and to provide for the support of the child once the identity of the father has been determined.
pension - Retirement fund for employees paid for or contributed to by some employers as part of a package of compensation for the employees' work.
per capita - Common method in the distribution of a will determining what share of property each beneficiary gets when one of the beneficiaries dies before the maker of the will, leaving children of his or her own.
Per se doctrine - Under this doctrine an activity such as price fixing can be declared as a violation of the antitrust laws without necessity of a court inquiring into the reasonableness of the activity.
peremptory challenge - Opportunity during "voire dire" (jury selection) in which a party to a lawsuit may dismiss a member of the jury pool without cause.
Perjury - The criminal offense of making a false statement under oath.
Permanent injunction - A court order requiring that some action be taken, or that some party refrain from taking action. It differs from forms of temporary relief, such as a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction.
Person in need of supervision - Juvenile found to have committed a "status offense" rather than a crime that would provide a basis for a finding of delinquency. (See status offense.)
personal injury - Injury to a persons body, mind or reputation..
personal property - All property owned by an individual that is not attached to land.
Personal recognizance - In criminal proceedings, the pretrial release of a defendant without bail upon his or her promise to return to court. (See also recognizance.)
Personal Representative - The person who administers an estate. If named in a will, that person's title is an executor. If there is no valid will, that person's title is an administrator.
petition - Written request to the court asking for the courts ruling or determination on a matter.
petitioner - Initiator of a lawsuit i.e. plaintiff.
petty offense - Misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison.
physical custody - A parents who has the right to have his child live with him.
plaintiff - The person, corporation or other legal entity that files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
plea - Defendants answer to the charges in a criminal case. Usually "guilty" or "not guilty".
plea bargain - Negotiated agreement between the defense, prosecution or judge that settles a criminal case.
pleading - A written statement filed with the court that describes a party's legal or factual assertions about the case.