Glossary Results - J
This is a Legal Dictionary for visitor reference. Please click on the letter below to search by alphabet or use the search form to find the term you are looking for.
Joint and several liability - A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are responsible for an injury, liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible cannot pay.
joint custody - When parents who do not live together arrange to share in the upbringing of a child.
joint tenancy - When two or more people own property and the right to ownership of the property passes to the remaining owners upon the death of one of the joint tenants.
judge - Official of the judicial branch with authority to decide lawsuits brought by before the courts.
judgment - The official decision of the court that resolves the dispute and determines the rights and obligations of the parties of the lawsuit.
Judgment Debtor - One who owes money as a result of a judgment in favor of a creditor.
Judicial Lien - A lien obtained by judgment or other judicial process against a debtor.
Judicial Review - The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.
Judiciary - The branch of government invested with judicial power to interpret and apply the law, the court system; the body of judges; then bench.
Jurat - Certificate of person and officer before whom a writing is sworn to.
jurisdiction - A courts authority to hear and decide a case.
jurisprudence - Study of the legal system and law.
juror - One who serves on a jury.
jury - Group of people, usually twelve, selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact.
Jury Administrator - The court officer responsible for choosing the panel of persons to serve as potential jurors for a particular court term.
jury instructions - Directions to the jury, made by the judge, before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply.
Justifiable - Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court.