Glossary Results - I
This is a Legal Dictionary for visitor reference. Please click on the letter below to search by alphabet or use the search form to find the term you are looking for.
Immigrants - Persons who come into a foreign country or region to live.
Immigration - The entry of foreign persons into a country to live permanently.
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) - The federal agency that administers and enforces immigration and naturalization laws.
Immunity - Grant by the court, which assures someone will not face prosecution in return for providing criminal evidence.
impeach - (1) The process of discrediting a witness (2) The process of removing a public official from office.
Impeachment of a witness - An attack on the credibility (believability) of a witness, through evidence introduced for that purpose.
Implied contract - A contract not created or evidenced by the explicitly agreement of the parties but one inferred by law; as the use of electric power in your home implies a contract with the light company.
implied warranty - A guarantee about the quality of goods or services which is not explicit, including warranties of "merchantability" and "fitness."
implied warranty of habitability - The requirement that landlords maintain livable premises for their tenants.
imprison - The confinement of a person in prison or otherwise as punishment for committing a crime.
in camera - A hearing which is held before the judge in private chambers or where the public is excluded from the courtroom.
Inadmissible - That which, under the rules of evidence, cannot be admitted or received as evidence.
inadmissible evidence - Evidence that fails to meet state or federal court rules regarding the types of evidence that can be presented to a judge or jury.
incapacity - Refers to a person's inability to manage his or her own personal care, property or finances due to a lack of physical or mental abilities.
Incarceration - Imprisonment in a jail or penitentiary.
incompetence - A legal determination that a person is unable to handle his own personal or financial affairs
indecent exposure - Uncovering areas of one's body considered "private" under circumstances likely to offend others.
indenture - A real estate deed between two parties in which both parties assume obligations.
independent contractor - A worker who, unlike an employee retains control over how the work they are hired to do gets done.
Independent executor - A special kind of executor, permitted by the laws of certain states, who performs the duties of an executor without intervention by the court.
Indeterminate sentence - A sentence of imprisonment to a specified minimum and maximum period of time, specifically authorized by statute, subject to termination by a parole board or other authorized agency after the prisoner has served the minimum term.
Indictment - A written accusation by a grand jury charging a person with a crime.
Indigent - Needy or impoverished. A defendant who can demonstrate his or her indigence to the court may be assigned a court-appointed attorney at public expense.
indispensable party - A person or entity whose inclusion in a lawsuit is necessary for the court to render a final judgment that will be just to everyone concerned.
information - The document in which a prosecutor charges a criminal defendant with a crime which tells the defendant what crime he is charged with, against whom and when the offense is alleged to have occurred.
informed consent - Permission to do something which is given with complete knowledge of all relevant facts, such as the risks involved or any available alternatives.
infraction - A less serious violation of the law that is punishable only by a fine.
inherit - To take possession of property from someone who has died.
inheritance taxes - Taxes assessed on the value of inherited property and imposed on the people or organizations who inherit the property.
Initial appearance - The defendant comes before a judge within hours of an arrest to determine whether or not there is probable cause for his or her arrest.