Glossary Results - C
This is a Legal Dictionary for visitor reference. Please click on the letter below to search by alphabet or use the search form to find the term you are looking for.
Corporation - A corporation whose profits are taxed separately from its owners under subchapter C of the Internal Revenue Code.
Calendar - A list of cases scheduled for hearing in court.
Cannons of ethics - Standards of ethical conduct for attorneys.
Capacity - Having legal authority or mental ability. Being of sound mind.
capital case - A prosecution of a crime for which a possible punishment is death.
Capital Crime - A crime punishable by death.
capital gains - The profit on the sale of a capital asset, such as stock or real estate.
capital punishment - The death penalty.
capitalized interest - Accrued interest that is added to the principal balance of a loan while payments are not being made or are insufficient to cover both the principal and interest due.
caption - The heading on a legal document that contains the basic information such as the parties' names, court and case number.
carryover basis - A tax basis where the recipient of a gift has the donor's basis in the property.
case - A lawsuit.
cash method of accounting - An accounting method where income is reported when it is received (as opposed to when it is earned) and expenses are reported when they are paid (as opposed to when they are incurred).
cash surrender value - The amount of cash payable upon voluntary termination of an insurance policy prior to the death of the insured.
Cause - A lawsuit, litigation, or action. Any question, civil or criminal, litigated or contested before a court of justice.
cause of action - Those facts which give rise to the right to sue.
Caveat - A warning, a note of caution.
Censure - An official reprimand or condemnation of an attorney.
census - An official count of the population of a certain area.
Certificate of Title - Document issued by Registrar of Titles for real estate registered under the Torrens System, Which is considered conclusive evidence of the present ownership and state of the title to the property described therein.
Certification - Written attestation. Also, Authorized declaration verifying that an instrument is a true and correct copy of the original.
certified copy - A copy of a document that issued by a court or government agency and is guaranteed to be a true and exact copy of the original.
Certiorari - A writ of review issued by a higher court to a lower court. A means of getting an appellate court to review a lower court's decision. If an appellate court grants a writ of certiorari, it agrees to take the appeal. (sometimes referred to as "granting cert."_
Challenge - An objection, such as when an attorney objects at a hearing to the seating of a particular person on a civil or criminal jury.
challenge for cause - A request that the judge dismiss a potential juror from serving on a trial jury for some specific reason.
chambers - A judge's office.
Change of venue - moving a lawsuit or criminal trial to another place for trial.
Chapter 13 bankruptcy - The bankruptcy for consumers, in which debts are partially or fully repaid over a period of three to five years
Chapter 7 bankruptcy - The type of bankruptcy, in which many or all of the debts are wiped out completely in exchange for giving up nonexempt property.
charge - The criminal offense which is contained in the indictment.